摘要：The development of low-carbon economy attaches great importance by the countries all over the world , how to effectively reduce the e-missions of CO2 need effective intervention in Environmental Regulation by the government , explore the influence of environmental regulation on e-conomic growth is of great significance under the background of low carbon economy development .Based on the 29 provinces and cities panel data from 1995 to 2011, calculate the CO2 emissions, then using the CO2 emissionCO2 intensity as the proxy variable of environmental regulation to ana-lyze the influence of environmental regulation on economic growth .The result shows that the intensity of environmental regulation and economic growth presents the inverted U-shaped relationship, at the first period, the CO2 emissions intensity reduce 1%, namely the environmental regula-tion increase 1%, then the economic growth will increase 4.71%, after the environmental regulation intensity increases to a certain level , continue to increase the intensity of environmental regulation will reduce economic growth .%低碳经济发展受到世界各国的高度重视，如何有效减少CO2排放量需要政府环境规制的有效介入，在低碳经济发展背景下探索【环境规制对经济增长的影响具有重要意义。基于我国1995-2011年29个省市的面板数据，测算㊣历年各省的CO2排放量，以CO2排放强度为环境规制的代☉理变量，实证分析环境规制对经济增长的影响，结果显示：环境规制强度与经济增长之间呈现倒U型关系，初期CO2排放强度降低1％，即环境规制增加1％，经济增长将增加4．71％，当环境规制强度增大到一定水平后，继续加大环境规制强度将降低经济增长。
摘要：This essay comparatively analyses the export of manufactured products of china, Japan and Korea from 2003 to 2012.It is base on the technology content with 3-digit code products of SITC Rev.3.The essay also gets some conclusions: in the world market, although the overall technology of China's manufactured goods is always rising, it still lower than Japan and Korea and the export structure has not improved evidently;the competition and complementary between China and Japan , China and Korea are almost the complementary relationship , but it is reverse between Japan and Korea;as for the manufactured products situation in China-Japan and China-Korea, the structure and overall technology content of the former is higher than the latter.%从产品技术含量的角度，采用SITC三位码数据，对比分析自2003-2012年以来中日韩制造业产品的贸易关系。研究结果表明：在世界市场上，中国制造业产品出口的整体技术含量虽然一直在提高，但是仍然低于日本和韩国，且出口结构也没有得到显著提高；在竞争互补关系上，中日和中韩两国间各类商品呈现出来的大部分都是互补关系，而日韩之间在几大类商品上则呈现出较←强的竞争关系；在中国对日本与韩国的制造业产品出口方面，中国对韩国的出口结构优于对日本的出口结构，且中国对韩国出口的整体技术含量也要略高于对日本的整体技＠ 术含量。
摘要：通过对2011年、2012年50家团餐骨干企业的营业成本、人力资源成本、房租成本、管理成本、原材料成本及财务费用等企业成本情况分析得出：人力资源成本、原材料成本所占比重较高；房租成本、管理成本、财ξ 务费用的比重与前者相比较低；营业成本占营业收入百分比统计中，六成的团餐企业具有盈利空间，三成多的企业盈利甚微，更有部分企业处于亏损状态。所以，重视隐性成本、加强团餐标准成本控制、加强对原料采购、中央厨房与配送的管理、强化服务与销售及人才培养是成本控制的重要途径。%With the development of catering industry,the Chinese group-catering has a good development.Through to analysis the information of operating cost,human resources cost,rent cost,management cost,the cost of raw materials and financial cost about 50 group-catering companies in 2011 and 2012,We concluded that the proportion of Human resources cost and raw materials cost is higher;the proportion of rent cost,management cost and financial costs is lower;the statistics of operating cost accounts revenue,sixty percent of the group-catering enterprises have profit space, the profits of more than thirty percent is rare,a small number of enterprises are losing money.So attaches great importance to the hidden costs,con-structs the meal standard cost control,strengthen the management of raw material purchasing,central kitchen and delivery,strengthen the service、sales and develop talent are the important channel for cost control.
摘要：We research the impact of macro economic fluctuation on credit risk of commercial banks by the macro stress test model .We choose Non-performing loans in commercial bank as the measurement of credit risk .Use Logit equation transferring it into an intermediate indicator which could reflect the default probability of banking system.And then establish linear regression model with kinds of macroeconomic variables and the each vector autoregression analysis with macroeconomic variables .At last.We get the distribution of Non-performing Loans rate under macroeco-nomic stocks through scenario analysis and Monte Carlo stimulation method .The results show that these macroeconomic have significant impacts on the Non-performing Loans of commercial banks.Meanwhile the Non-performing Loans of commercial have increased with different extents under the given scenario pressure.%通过构建宏观压力测试模型，研究宏观经济波动对商业银行信用风ω 险的影响。以不良贷款率作为评估商业银行信用ω风险的指标，根据Logit模型将商业不良贷款率转换为中介指标，然后将中介指标与各宏观经济变量进行多元回归分析以及对各宏观经济变量进行向量自回归分析。研究结果表明：选定的宏观经济变量对商业银行不良贷款率都有显著性的影响【，同时，在设定的情景压◆力下，商业银行不良贷款率都有不同程度的增加。
摘要：Essential Function Regions will play an important role for the coordinated development of economy for our country .While the relationship among the essential function regions can be displayed by regional trade through division .This paper will discuss the economic relationship among the essential function regions through analysis of theory and model deduction , which will make the essential function regions find more scientific and ra-tional mode of economic development.Therefore, the industrial cluster and other economic factors form the benign interaction with the essential function regions, which will finally promote the essential function regions’ development coordinately, scientifically and sustainably.%主体功能区划对于我国经济☆的协调发展起着巨大∞作用，而主体功能区间的经济联系则主要是通过专业化分工而产生的区域间贸易紧密地联系在一起。利用超边际分析和模型推演进一步探讨区域间由于要素“空间分异”而产生的经济联系，得知主体功能区间科学、合理的经济发↘展模式，主ω 要通过主体功能区划后“异质性”产生的专业化分工与贸易而形成的，这最终也会促进主体功能区间彼此经济的协调、科学、持续发展。
摘要：CSR issues concerning corporate long-term, sustainable development, the paper selected 2009-2011 Shanghai and Shenzhen stock ex-changes publish CSR reports of listed companies as samples, the economic consequences of Corporate Social Responsibility Report disclosed the em-pirical analysis, research from financial performance and the cost of capital to start two angles .The study found:Corporate Social Responsibility Re-port disclose their short-term financial performance of the existence of a significant positive correlation between the presence of a significant nega-tive correlation between corporate social responsibility and its long -term financial performance, there was a significant negative correlation between corporate social responsibility report revealed its cost of capital , corporate social responsibility to fulfill the better , more help to create a favorable in-vestment environment, thereby helping to reduce the cost of capital.%企业社会责任问题关乎企业长期、持续的发展，选取2009-2011年上海和深圳交易所发布社会责任报告的上市公司为样本，对社会责任报告披露的经济后果进行了实证分析，研究从财务绩效和资本【成本两个角度展开。研究发现：企业社会责任报告披露与其短期财务绩效存在显著正相关关系，企业社会责任与其长期财务绩效存在显著负相关关系，企业社会责任报告披露与其资本成本存在显著负相关关系，企业对社会责任履行得越好，越有助于营造良好的投融资环境，进而有助于降低资本成本。
摘要：With the deepening of economic globalization , forestry intellectual property as promote modern forestry and promote the scientific develop-ment of a new force by the attention and recognition of the world , countries have also developed intellectual property strategy , and intellectual prop-erty protection system.The criminal protection as one of the most authoritative and comprehensive means of protection , intellectual property protec-tion in forestry plays a vital role .Although China has formed a relatively complete forestry criminal protection of intellectual property rights system , but in practice there are still many shortcomings and deficiencies .Deep understanding of forestry intellectual property rights theory , accurately grasp the dynamic of forestry intellectual property rights at home and abroad , scientific learn the advanced experience of the national criminal protection , to further improve China's forestry forms of intellectual property protection system , help to promote the scientific development of the intellectual prop-erty rights of China's forestry.%随着经济全〓球化发展的深入，林业知识产权作为推动现代林业和促进科学发展的一种新生力量受到世界各国的关注和认可，各国也相继制定了知识※产权战略以及▂知识产权保护制度。刑事保护作为一种最具权威性和全面性的保护手段，在林业知识产权保护方面发挥着至关重要的作用。虽然目前我国已经形成了比较完备的林业知识产权刑事保护体系，但是在实践→过程中还存在许多不足和缺陷。深入掌握林业知识产权的相关理论，准确把握林业知识产权的国内外动态，科学借鉴各国刑事保护的先进经验，进一步完善我国林业知识产权刑事▃保护体系，有助于推动我国林业知识产权的科学发展。
摘要：By calculating the relative labor productivity and industrial structure deviation degree , the article points out the problems of industrial structure in Hei Lonjiang Province is serious.By building model and analyzing it, the research shows that the contribution to promote the develop-ment of economy of service industry in Hei Longjiang Province is the last one .So, it is very important to quicken the development of service industry in Heilongjiang Province in order to optimize the industrial structure and the key is positioning service industry accurately .Heilongjiang Province should speed up the development of tertiary industry , especially agricultural tertiary industry , modern business and circulation tertiary industry and modern tourism.%通过计算黑龙江省产业相对劳动生产率和产业结构偏离度可知黑龙江省产业结构不合理和失衡的问题严重。构建的计量模型分析表明，在黑龙江省，服务业对经济⊙发展的贡献处在三次产业的最末位，因此，加快服务业的发展势在必行，而找准服务业的发展定位就是其中的关键。黑龙江省应」该加快农林牧渔服务业的发展、优先发展现代商贸流通服务业、积极推进现代旅游业尤其是特色旅游业的发展，以※促进产业结构的优化。
摘要：The construction and the use of Public Bicycle System in our country are in a developmental stage .We did a research in order to improve this system so that it can serve people better and provide experience for other cities where the governments want to import this system .We mainly used the form of questionnaire to find out people's satisfaction index about PBS in Wuxi and our research is based on the relevant ones at home and abroad.We have used SPSS18.0 to process the survey data and used factor analysis to extract 3 principal component factors from 9 observed varia-bles of PBS.Furthermore, we have interpreted the result of the research based on the above processes.Taking the experience at home and abroad into consideration, we have put forward that PBS should be led by the government and the government should have a long -range and comprehensive plan about the network layout and the construction of lanes for the sake of the development of PBS and the urban public transport system in Wuxi .%公共自行车系统的建设和使用在我国正处于发展阶段，为了改进该系统以便更好地为公众服务并对正准备引入该系统的城市提供经验，本研究在国内外相关研究的基础上，主要采用问卷调查的形式，研究无锡市公共自行车系统的服务现状及公众对它的满意度。利用SPSS18．0对调查的数据进行处理，采用因子分析法从公共自行车的9个观测变量中提炼出三类主成分因子，在此基础╲上对分析结果进行解释，并结合国内外发展经验提出城市公共自行车系统应由政府主导，公共自行车网●点布局、车道建设应该有长远、全面的规划，促进无锡市的公共自行车系统的不断发展，以完善城市公共交通体系。
摘要：适用美国337条款的前提是知识产权权利人必须证明其已经在美国建立了或正在建立与专利、版权、商标、或设计保护有关产品的产业，该要求即所谓的国内产业要件。而在美国《1930年关税法》337条款下，对“国内产业”术语并无明确的界定。近年来，美国337调查数量猛增△，截至2013年底，中国已连续12年位居美国337调查之首，337调查无疑已成为中国产品出口美国的最大贸易壁垒。正确掌握337条款下的“国内产业要件”更加迫切。%The prerequisite of the application of Section 337 is to prove that an industry in the United States , relating to the articles protected by the patent, copyright, trademark, mask work or design concerned, exists or is in the process of being established .While in Section 337 of the United States’ Tariff Act of 1930, the term of"domestic industry"has no clear definition.And in recent years, the number of Section 337 investigation in-creases rapidly, by the end of 2013, China ranked first in the Section 337 investigation for 12 consecutive years.The Section 337 investigation has undoubtedly become the largest trade barriers of China.We urgently need to know "domestic industry requirement"of Section 337.Based on the studies about cases of Section 337 investigation.
摘要：在复杂的国际经济背景下，“两岸四地”各执一币的〓格局加大了协同抵抗金融风险的难度，也成为“两岸四地”经贸深入合作和经济进一步融合发展的阻碍。通过以“两岸四地”货币合作的宏观经济基础为前提，从多边汇≡率相互影响的角度出发，采用“货币锚”效应模型考察人民币汇率的波动态势及其与“港澳台”三地货币之间的联动关系，从而揭示〖港币、澳门币和新台币对人民币的锚定程度。实证结果显示，“两岸四地”宏观经济政策目标一致性日趋增强，港澳台三地货币在对“锚货币”选择中汇率中人民币权重越来越大，因此“两岸四地”构建人民币区具有一定的可行性。%Under the background of complex international economic situation , the pattern to which the Chinese Mainland , Hong Kong, Macau, Tai-wan each hold one currency becomes more difficult for synergistically resisting financial risks .Meanwhile it hinders the further development econom-ic integration of economy and trade cooperation for the Four -region across the strait.On the basis of the macroeconomic monetary cooperation in the Four-region Across the Strait, this paper takes account of multilateral exchange rate influence between each other , and through a Monetary Anchor Effect model explores the fluctuation trend of RMB exchange rate and its linkage relationship between Hong Kong dollar , Macau Patacas ,New Tai-wan dollar.The empirical results show that the macroeconomic policy goal consistency gets increasingly enhanced , and the exchange rate of RMB accounts for an bigger weight in anchor currency choosing for Hong Kong dollar , Macao Patacas , new Taiwan dollar.Finally we include that build-ing a RMB Bloc in the Four-region across the strait of China has a certain feasibility.
摘要：产业集群国际化作为新兴的国际化方式之一，对我国产品、企业、品牌等国际竞争力的提升有着显著的促进作用。在文献研究和实地调研的基础上，基于企业视角构建了产业集群国际化影响因素模型，并运用结构方程方法（ SEM）对泉州德化陶瓷产业集群中企业的实地调研数据进行实证分析，结果表明产业集群因〗素对企业因素影响较为明显，而国家因素对企业因素影响并不显著，同时企业因素、产业集群因素和国◣家因素都能够对产业集群的国际化产生显著的影响，并基于这三个方面提出相关促进产业集群国际化的策『略。%As a new way of international ,internationalization of industrial clusters has a significant role in promoting international competitiveness of products, companies, brands.Based on the review of literature and practical survey, the article constructs a model of factors for internationalization of industrial clusters from enterprise perspective ,then use structural equation method (SEM) analyse the research data from Quanzhou Dehua ce-ramics industry cluster enterprises .The results indicates that industrial clusters factors has a significance influence on enterprise factors , while the national factors put a insignificant influence on enterprise factors .Business factors, industrial clusters factors and national factors have a significant impact on the internationalization of industrial clusters .Based on these conclusions this paper puts forward some advice on internationalization promo-ting of industrial clusters.
摘要：1991年以来，我国机关事业单位与城镇企业职工实行了两套不同的养老保险制度，即所谓的“双轨制”。“双轨制”存在诸多弊端，中央政府及有关部门为了推动养老保险双轨制改革进行了诸多的尝试和努力，但出台的一些试点方◢案实际运行效果并不理想。党的十八届三中全会提出要推进机关事业单位养老保险制度改革，建立更加公平可持续的社会保障制度。通过对德国、美国、智利等几个典型国家养老保险制度改革的考察，发现国外大部分国⌒ 家的公职人员与其他群体养老金待遇差别不大，具有完备的相关法律法规◣体系，财政承担转轨成本等。因此，应进一步¤加大财政补贴力度，承担转轨成本，加大财政对养老保险基金的▓投入力度，降低企业养老保险费率。%Since 1991,China’s organs and institutions and workers of urban enterprises, the implementation of the two set of different endowment insurance system,the so-called "Double-track system"."Double-track system"has many disadvantages,the central government and the rele-vant departments to make many attempts and efforts to promote the double track pension insurance system reform ,but some pilot programs introduced the actual effect is not ideal.The party’s Third Plenary Session of the Party’s eighteen proposed to promote the reform of endowment insurance sys-tem in institutions,the establishment of a more equitable and sustainable social security system.Through the investigation of several German,Ameri-can,Chile typical national endowment insurance system reform,found little difference between public officials most foreign countries and other group pension benefits,has a complete legal system,the government bear the transition cost etc.Therefore,we should further increase financial subsidies, bear the transition cost,increase the financial investment of endowment insurance fund and reduce the enterprise pension insurance rate .
摘要：在影响人民币汇率的众多因素中，选出GDP增长率、进出口差额增长率、货币和准货币供应量增长率、外汇储备增长率、中美相对消费价格指数、通货膨胀率和中美利差等7个影响人民币汇率的主要因素。选用了一种新的变量选择方法———自适应Lasso方法对人民币汇率影响因素进行有效的选择。同时使用真实数据作了实证研究，并与最小二乘法和逐步线性回归方法进行比较。结果表明：自适应Lasso方法在人民币汇率影响因素的选择方面，相对于逐步线性》回归和最小二乘法有明显的优◆势。自适应Lasso方法不仅仅完成了模型的参数估计，同时也完成了对影响人民币汇率因素的筛选。%Among many factors that affect the RMB exchange rate , we choose seven main factors that affecting the RMB exchange rate , these are the GDP growth rate, the increase rate of imports and exports balance, the growth rate of money supply, the growth rate of foreign exchange reserves, the increase rate of China-American relative price index, inflation rate, gap of China-American interest.Choose a new variable selection method-adaptive Lasso methods to select impact factors of the RMB exchange rate .We use real data to study, and compared with the least squares meth-od and stepwise linear regression.The results show that adaptive Lasso is better than the least squares and stepwise linear regression .By the adap-tive Lasso method, we not only obtain the parameter estimation, but also get the impact factors of the RMB exchange rate.
摘要：Using literature analysis and interviewing , the influencing factors of repatriation people's knowledge transfer in Multinational Corporation are proposed, and the influencing factors system is established.Then, the Fuzzy-DEMATEL method is adopted, and the factors score are got by experts'evaluation, the correlation degree and the causal relationship between the influencing factors are analyzed and discussed with the help of the Excel tool.In the meanwhile, key influencing factors are identified.At last, several suggestions for promoting repatriation people's knowledge trans-fer in Multinational Corporation based on the analysis result are put forward .%采用文献分析和调研访谈相结合的方法，提出了影♂响跨国公司回任人员知识转移的因素，构建了跨国公司回任人员知识转移影响因素体※系；后基于专家打分结果，运用Fuzzy－DEMATEL方法，借助Excel工具，分析了影响因素间的关联程度，探讨了因素间的因果关系，并据此识别出了∴关键性影响因素，最后根据分析结果提出了促进跨国公司回任人员知识转移的建议。
摘要：One of the most significant changes in the structure of the international trade since World -War II is the emergence and development of Intra-industry trade.Intra-industry trade in China started from 1990s, thus the level fall behind obviously compared with developed countries. This paper attempts to measure the level and type of Intra -industry within China according to Chinas'foreign trade data ranging from 1992 to 2012. Based on the former results, this thesis puts forward some relevant recommendations and suggestions to promote the development of Intra -industry trade of China.%产业内▅贸易的出现与发展是二战后国际贸易结构发生的显著变化之一。中国产业内贸易起步于20世纪90年代，发展水平明显落后于发达国家。通过选取1992年至2012年的中国对外贸易数据，对中国工业制成品产业内贸易发展水平进行测度，据此确定中国产业内贸易的类型，并提出中国发展工业制成品产业内贸易的对策与建议。
摘要：The Internet Finance presents development trend of the whole industry and industrialization alliance , and the urgent problem to be solved is to build its business model support system .Based on 3-4-8 business model system, this paper is made to analyze the internet financial industry's value proposition,value network, value maintenance, value realization of the four constituent unit , and build the business model of internet finan-cial industry.Finally, puts forward the policy recommendations of strengthening the regulation and risk prevention of Internet financial industry , building fine development environment for the Internet financial industry and promoting cooperation of the Internet financial enterprises and guaran-tee agencies.%互联网金融■呈现全行业、产业化联盟发展趋势，此时，亟待解决的问题是构建其商业模式支持体系。以“3－4－8”商业╱模式体系为基础，对互联网金融产业的价值主张、价值网络、价值维护、价值实现四个构成单元进行分析，构建互联网金融产业的商业模式。最后提出加强对互联网金融产业的监管与风险防▽范、营造良好的互联网金融产业发展环境、促进互联网金融企业与担保机构合作的政策建议。
摘要：个体规则驱动的群体行为具有非常大的复〗杂性，通过分析这一系统的特性，将其在时间尺度与空间尺度上分割成一个多局域世界随机系统，提出∑ 这一系统的实证—实验—解析的分析框架，并且给出具体的研究过程。%There exists much complexity of the collective behavior driven by individual rule , by analyzing the character of the system, the system is divided into a random system with Multi-Local-Worlds from time -scale, small time -scale and large time -scale, and space-scale, micro space-scale and macro space-scale , then a positive-experimental-analytic paradigm is introduced to research this system , then the details are specified.
摘要：This paper uses the input -output model to calculate embodied CO 2 emission caused by international and domestic trade of Beijing , and uses SDA model to analysis its effects, using the input-output table data in 2005, 2007 and 2010.The empirical results demonstrate the following three facts:(1) trade of Beijing increased its embodied CO 2 emission overall , and emissions relate with output and transfer are higher than that of export and import ;(2) those highest emission industries caused by trade are transportation and warehousing , industries relate with raw materials , fuel and its processing;(3) Beijing should increase import of those highest emission industries , and decrease their output;at the same time, make full use of the its advantage in serv-ice trade, increase the output of low carbon service trade and reduce its import .%使用投入产出方法，运用北京市2005年、2007—2010年的投入产出表数据，测算北京市市内需求诱发的碳排放量，调出、出口诱发生产的∑碳排放量以及调入、进口减少的本市碳排放量，并对各部分变动进行效应分解。实证结果表明：北京市贸易整体上增加了碳排放量，并且调出、调入作用分别大于出口、进口作用；各部分碳排放量靠前的行业一般集中在原材料、燃料及其加工型行业以及属于第三产业的交通运输及仓储业；北京⊙市节能减排需要重点增加原材料、燃料及其加工型行业以及交通运输及仓】储业的进口，减少其调出；同时，充分发挥北京市服务贸易的优势，增加低碳类服务贸易的调出，减少▼该类服务贸易的进口。
摘要：华俄道胜银行作为政治与金融的混合体，是沙俄侵华的“桥头堡”。为实施沙俄政府远东政策，变黑龙江乃至东北为沙俄殖民地，华俄道胜银行从政治、经济、军事々等各个方面进行一系列殖民化经营和统治活动，为沙俄在黑龙江攫取了巨大的政治和经济利益，给黑龙江经济社会和广大◎人民造成了深重灾难。拟从华俄道胜银行承办中东铁路并实行强权政治，投资支持殖民经营和发行推行羌帖等方面进行揭示和阐述，以对华俄道胜银行的本质、殖民化活动及给黑龙江经济』社会带来的严重危害有全面深刻的认识。%Russian-Asian Bank, a political and financial mix, was the “bridgehead” Russia invaded China.For implementing the Russian gov-ernment policy in the far east, turning northeast China and Heilongjiang province into Russia colony , Russian-Asian Bank operated a series of colonization and governing from various aspects, such as politics, economy, military activities.They grabbed a huge political and economic interests for Tsarist Russia from Heilongjiang, which caused severe disasters to Heilongjiang province economy, society and the people.The essay tries to re-veal and expound the nature of the bank, the colonization activities and severe damage to Heilongjiang economy and society through Russian -Asi-an Bank undertaking the Middle East railway, the practice of power politics, investment in colonization operation and distribution of Qiang post.
摘要：The development of tourism and other industries have become the main mode of integration , and how the forest industry adapt to the trend of integration of the development of tourism has become an important issue as well as tourism management department of tourism enterprises are fa-cing.Heilongjiang is rich forest tourism industry resources, make full use of resources,build up the construction of "smart"forest tourism industry, the implementation of product research and innovation strategy , the establishment of joint development strategy , is an important way of Heilongjiang forest tourism industry to achieve rapid development .%旅游业同其他产业融合发展已经成为●主要模式，森林旅游产业如何适应融合发展的趋势已经成为旅游管理部门以及旅游企业面临的重要课题。黑龙江森林旅游产业资源丰富，充分利用资源优势，建设“智慧型”森林旅游产业，实施产品研发创新战略，建立协同发展♀战略，是黑龙江森林旅游产业实现快速发展的重要途径。
摘要：余额宝以其较低的门槛让】更多的人接触到货币基金。通过介绍余额宝的主体框架以及2013年余额宝的收益和费用情况，建立线性回归模型々，定量分析了余额宝的收益。经过研究发现：可以怀疑在高额利益的背后余额宝公司可能存在前期的贴息问题以吸引客户；余额宝通过协议存款将利润从银行转给客户的同时，并且在一定程度上也把风险转嫁给了客户；余额宝给金融行业带来了革命性的创∞新是不可否认的，同时也带来了潜在的系统性风险。%Yu Ebao,with its low threshold, let more people access to the monetary fund.Through detailed introduction of the main frame of Yu Ebao ,and the income and expenses of Yu Ebao.Establish a linear regression model,to analysis the Yu Ebao quantitatively.Through the study found that: in order to attract customers,Yu Ebao may have the problem of interests behind the high profits;Yu Ebao transfer the profit to customers from bank through agreement deposits ,and to a certain extent also the risk on to their customers at the same time ;Yu Ebao has brought the revolutionary innovation to the financial industry is undeniable,but also brought the potential systemic risk.
摘要：Service outsourcing can make a contribution to improve industry structure , service trade deficit and adjust international trade relationship . The article is based on the theory of integrated innovation , and builds an evaluation system to evaluate the integrated innovation ability of Ningbo service outsourcing industry.At last, we analysis integrated innovation ability of four main services outsourcing industry agglomeration and summari-zes their own characteristics and advantages.%发展服务外包产业对优化产业结构、改善服务贸易逆差、调整对外贸易关系等方面都会产生积极的影响。基于集成创新理论，构建了服务外包产业集成创新能力评价体系，并运用层次分析法，对宁波四个主要服务外包产业集聚区的集成创新能力进行评价和研究，由此分析服务外包产业发展的内、外部环境，最后总结各区的发展特点和优势。
摘要：Modern agricultrual system Construction technology has important implications for agricultural modernization and mechanization of agricul-tural production as well as enhance Performance.From the perspective of public finance investment, this article analyzes the financial input system of modern agricultural science and technology target, structure, efficiency of the status quo, the current in the modern agricultural science and tech-nology financial investment still has problems , such as the support of target diversification , agricultural science and technology financial investment expenditure structure is not reasonable, low efficiency of financial input in agricultural science and technology funding, basic on this situation, put forward according to the modern agricultural development stage , clear public finances goal; from the perspective of the system of social service sys-tem, intellectual support system, management support system, policy support system, improve and perfect the public finances support system;im-prove the efficiency of agricultural science and technology financial investment , realize the comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development of modern agriculture.%现代农业科技体系建设对于农业的现代化、机械化以及提升农业生产绩效具有重要意义。本文从公共财政投入的视角，分析我国现代农业科技体系的财政投入目标、结构、效率现状，目前在现代农业科技的财政投入中还存在着支持目标多元化、农业科技财政投入资金支出结构不合理、农业科技财政投入资金支持效率低的问题，在此基础上，提√出按照现代农业发展阶段，明确公共财政投入目标；从社会服务体系、智力支持体系、管理支持体系、政策支持体系角度完善公共财政投入支持体系；提高农业科技财政的投入效率，实现现代农业的全面协调可持续发展。
摘要：随着经济的发展，中国的综合实力不断增强，在世界上的影响力也越来越大，人民币开始作为结算货币和支付货币在周边国家和地区中大量使用，这标志着人民币开始跨出国门。2009年4月8日，国务院决定在上海、广州、深圳、东莞、珠海五个城市开展人民币跨境贸易结算，这一政策是在国际金融危机发生后我国外贸经济发展受到严重影响的背景下出台的。历经五年，跨境贸易人民币结算对我国外贸经济的影响究竟如何还有待于进一步验证。就这一背景出发，选取2010年10月至2014年2月的数据实证分析了跨境贸易人民币结算对我国对外贸易的影响，并针对现状和实证结果提出政策分析。%With the development of China and combined with a relatively long -term stable currency, China has a growing influence in the world. On this background, the RMB began as a settlement currency and payment currency widely used in neighboring countries and regions , which mark RMB go out of China.In April 8, 2009, the State Council decided to carry out the RMB cross-border trade settlement in Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan and Zhuhai,the introduction of this policy was carried out after the China ’ s foreign trade industry was severely affected by the international financial crisis.After five years, the impact of cross-border RMB trade settlement on China's foreign trade economy has yet to be veri-fied.In this background, the paper first selects the data from October 2010 to 2014 February and use the model to demonstrate the impact of the RMBcross-border trade settlementon China foreign trade, and then put forward policy analysis of the current situation.
摘要：恒定市〖场份额模型（ CMS）发展至今已有半个多世纪，它是竞争力评价和出口增长因素分析的重要方法，国内学者对该模型的应用仅有十几年时间，仍处于初级研究阶段。本文基于期刊文献检索，从研究目标、研究内容和研究方法等方面对国内关于市场份额模型的文献进行了√梳理和评价，最后提出展望。%Constant Market Share Model has been developed for half a century, it is an important method to evalate competitiveness and analyse ex-port growth factors.Domestic researchers have studied this model only for few decades and their reserch is still on the early stage .This article evalu-ates the literatures from research objective , research contents and methods based on literature searching , then finally it put forwards the research fu-ture.
摘要：Through economic growth accounting method and combining with economic growth data since the reform and open up , this paper analyzes China's economic growth by dividing it into different stages.The study finds the current China’s economic growth mode is in the initial stage and is characterized by greater resource consumption, relying on capital investment, income inequality and so on.It is mainly caused by that China's eco-nomic growth is excessively dependent on capital-biased technical progress and it slows down the sustainable economic growth .To break through this growth resistance, we must use the technical progress matching with China's resource, namely labor-biased technical progress.Only by taking these methods, we can guide the economic growth from the initial stage to the advanced one .The specific measure is taking induced innovation in the production field .%通过经济增长核算的方法，结合改革开放以来经济增长数据将中国经济增长分阶段进行分析。研究发现，目前中国经济增长方式处在初级阶段，特点是＠资源消耗大、增长依靠资本投入、收入不→平等。造成这种情况的主要原因是中国的经济增长过分地依赖于资本偏向型技术进步，进而导致经济的可持续增长受阻。要想突破这种〗增长阻力，必须利用合乎中国资源禀赋的技术进步，即劳动偏向型技术进步，才能引导经济增长方式〒由低级阶段转向⌒ 高级阶段，具体措施是在生产领域采取诱致性创新。
摘要：义山与叔原分别为晚唐大家和北宋著名词人，无题诗是李商隐独创的抒情诗体，千古流芳；令词是晏几道创作流传的代表，百世传颂。纵观二人生平、情志、作品，都有很多相似之处。以二人无□ 题诗歌和令词审美意象的自然意象作为重要的研⌒究出发点和切入点，力求得到一个深入的解析，为李商隐无ξ 题诗和晏几道令词的研究提供更为广泛的参考。%Yishan was the famous representative poet of the late tang dynasty and Shuyuan was the famous lyric poem in song dynasty .The untitled poetry is original with Li Shangyin and handed down.The short lyric poetry, led by Yan Jidao, has been passed down.There are many correspon-dences throughout their lives, emotions and works.As the research objective, the natural imagery in aesthetics imagery of the untitled poetry and short lyric poem is discussed in this thesis.And will obtain some valuable references for future studies by detailed analysis .
摘要：由于食△品具有易腐性、时效性等特点使得食品冷链物流对配送时间、温度、湿度、食品品质和卫生环境等都有着非常严格的限制与要求，提高企▼业的配送绩效，从而保证食品品质，降低配送成本、提高经济效益。在对食品冷链物流配送绩效评价进行介绍的同时，对国内外学者对于食品冷链物流配送绩效评价方面的研究进行述评，述评▽分为两部分，一是食品冷链物流配送的述评，二是对配送绩效评价进行述评。%Food chain logistics has very strict limitations and requirements for delivery time , temperature, humidity, food quality and sanitation, be-cause of food has perishable, timeliness and other features.Enterprises improve performance of distribution to guarantee of food quality, reduce dis-tribution costs and improve economic efficiency .Distribution performance evaluation of food cold chain logistics is introduced and domestic and for-eign scholars for research in distribution performance evaluation of food cold chain logistics are reviewed .The review has two parts.One part, to re-view distribution of the food cold chain logistics.Another, to review is the performance evaluation of distribution.